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Alok Industries Equity Research

HomeCompanyAlok Industries Equity Research

Date of Research – 12 January, 2016

Price – Rs. 6.18

About the Company

Incorporated in 1986, Alok Industries Limited (“Alok” or the “Company”) operates as one of the India’s largest fully integrated textile company with a dominant presence in the Cotton and Polyester segments. Alok Industries provides various integrated textile solutions, including cotton and blended yarns, apparel fabrics, embroidery products, woven and knitted garments, home textiles, polyester products, and accessories. The Company exports its products to the United States, Europe, Latin America, Asia, and Africa. In addition, Aloktext operates a chain of stores under the name of H&A that offer home textiles, men’s wear, women’s wear, kids’ wear, and accessories, such as ties, handkerchiefs, and cuff-lings; and Store Twenty One stores, which sells fashion products for women, men, girls, boys, and babies, as well as artificial jewelry, shoes, and leather bags.

*The financial numbers for FY 2015 is for 18 months from October 01, 2013 to March 31, 2015.

The previous accounting period of the Company was also for 18 months from April 01, 2012 to September 30, 2013. The figures of the two periods are not comparable.

Key Financial Figures

Consolidated (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 (18 Months) FY 2015 (18 Months) FY 2016 FY 2017
Total Income from Operations 8,900.86 19,917.75 22,130.72 13,040.90  8,919.43
Expenses 6,341.79 14,495.11 17,085.11 15,435.77  10,376.40
Earnings Before Other Income, Interest, Tax and Depreciation (Operating Profit) 1,008.10 5,422.64 5,045.61 (2,394.87)  (1,456.97)
Depreciation 713.43 1,360.77 1,461.21 682.04  560.70
Finance Costs 1,149.55 2,260.66 3,251.16 2,690.54  3,441.80
Other income 65.68 62.43 224.81 93.12  68.28
Exceptional items 121.27 463.74 –  1.34
PBT 640.50 1,399.90 558.05 (5,674.33)  (5,392.53)
Tax 259.97 479.74 209.29 (1,895.19)  (2,320.82)
PAT (before Minority Interest and share of Associates) 380.53 920.16 348.76 (3,779.14)  (3,071.71)
Profit attributable to Minority Interest
Share of profit/(loss) of Associates
Income Attributable to Consolidated Group (3,779.14) (3,071.71)

Profitability Analysis

Consolidated (%)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 (18 Months) FY 2015 (18 Months) FY 2016 FY 2017
Operating Profit Margin Ratio 28.75 27.23 22.80 (18.36)  (16.33)
Net Profit Margin Ratio 4.28 4.62 1.58 (28.98)  (34.44)

Operating profit margin is a measurement of the proportion of a company’s revenue that is left over after paying for production costs such as raw materials, salaries and administrative costs. Net profit margin is arrived at by deducting non operating expenses such as depreciation, finance costs and taxes out of operating profit and shows what is left for the shareholders as a percentage of net sales. Together these ratios help in understanding the cost and profit structure of the firm and analysing business inefficiencies.

Key Balance Sheet Figures

Sources of Funds / Liabilities (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2015 FY 2016
Share Capital 787.79 1,377.13  1,377.33 1,377.33 1,377.33
Foreign currency translation reserve 0.22
Reserves & Surplus 2,309.80 2,829.22 2,108.03 2,265.04 (1,621.82)
Net worth (shareholders funds) 3,097.59 3,655.50 3,485.16 3,642.37 (244.49)
Long term borrowings 9,653.57 7,013.06 10,075.99 8,490.60 8,760.94
Current liabilities 1,008.10 6,766.64 12,548.53 14,162.57 16,278.87
Other long term liabilities and provisions 176 194.67 2,785.64 2,865.20
Deferred Tax Liabilities 507.66 626.77 664.48 868.55 0.40
Total Liabilities 14,267.14 18,238.36 26,968.83 29,949.73 27,660.92

 

Application of Funds / Assets (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2015 FY 2016
Fixed Assets 8,488.41 9,466.25 10,314.97 8,786.05 8,175.37
Noncurrent Investments 167.18 175.79 1,345.81 1,300.03 1,169.79
Current assets 4,884.03 8,339.28 14,735.90 19,409.83 16,976.16
Long term advances and other noncurrent assets 727.52 257.04 560.76 444.87 224.77
Deferred tax assets 1,062.87
Goodwill on Consolidation 51.96 51.96
Total assets 14,267.14 18,238.36 26,968.83 29,949.73 27,660.92

Efficiency Analysis

  (%)
Particulars FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2015 FY 2016
ROCE 4.26 9.44 39.99 41.59 (28.12)
ROE / RONW 1.31 1.04 26.40 9.58

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) measures a company’s profitability from its overall operations by calculating the return generated on the total capital invested in the business (i.e. equity + debt). Return on Equity (ROE) or Return on Net Worth (RONW) measures the amount of profit which the company generates on money invested by the equity shareholders. In short, ROE draws attention to the return generated by the shareholders on their investment in the business. Together these ratios can be used in comparing the profitability of the company with other companies in the same industry.

Valuation Analysis

Consolidated
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 (18 Months) FY 2015 (18 Months) FY 2016 FY 2017
Total Income from Operations (Rs. Cr.) 8,900.86 19,917.75 22,130.72 13,040.90 8,919.43 
Growth (%) 39.33 % 123.77 % 11.11 % (41.07 %) (31.60 %) 
PAT (Rs. Cr.) 380.53 920.16 348.76 (3,779.14) (3,071.71) 
Growth (%) (5.90 %) 141.81 % (62.10 %) (1183.59 %)
Earnings Per Share – Basic (Rs. ) 4.69 9.43 2.53 (27.41) (22.62) 
Earning Per Share – Diluted (Rs. ) 4.69 9.43 2.53 (27.41) (22.62)  
Price to Earnings 4.17 0.85 2.68 – 

Dividend History

The Company has maintained an average dividend yield of 1.52 % over the last 5 financial year.

Liquidity and Credit Analysis

Current Ratio

Higher current ratio implies healthier short term liquidity comfort level. A current ratio below 1 indicates that the company may not be able to meet its obligations in the short run. However, it is not always a matter of worry if this ratio temporarily falls below 1 as many times companies squeeze out short term cash sources to achieve a capital intensive plan with a longer term outlook. Aloktext average current ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 4.46 times which indicates that the Company is comfortably placed to pay for its short term obligations.

Long term Debt to Equity Ratio

Companies operating with high long term debt to equity on their balance sheets are vulnerable to economic cycles. In times of slowdown in economy, companies with high levels of debt find it increasingly difficult to service the interest on their borrowings as profit margins decline. We believe that long term debt to equity ratio higher than 0.6 – 0.8 could affect the business of a company and its results of operations.

Aloktext average long term debt to equity ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 2.72 times which indicates that the Company operates with close to zero debt and is placed well to withstand economic slowdowns.

Interest Coverage ratio

Interest coverage ratio indicates the comfort with which the company may be able to service the interest expense (i.e. finance charges) on its outstanding debt. Higher interest coverage ratio indicates that the company can easily meet the interest expense pertaining to its debt obligations. In our view, interest coverage ratio of below 1.5 should raise doubts about the company’s ability to meet the expenses on its borrowings. Interest coverage ratio below 1 indicates that the company is just not generating enough to service its debt obligations.

Aloktext average interest coverage ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 50.84 times which indicates that the Company can meet its debt obligations without any difficulty.

Ownership pattern

In its latest stock exchange filing dated 31 March 2017, Alok reported a promoter holding of 29.03 %. Large promoter holding indicates conviction and sincerity of the promoters. We believe that a greater than 35 % promoter holding offers safety to the retail investors.

At the same time, institutional holding in the Company stood at 12.78 % (FII+DII). Large institutional holding indicates the confidence of seasoned investors. At the same time, it can also lead to high volatility in the stock price as institutions buy and sell larger stakes than retail participants.

About the Author

Rajat Sharma pictureRajat Sharma is a well known stock market analyst and commentator. He has covered Indian markets for over a decade and is regarded for consistently identifying early stage investment opportunities. Attorney by qualification, Rajat has done extensive work for improving corporate governance and disclosure standards.

 

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