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Balrampur Chini Mills Equity Research

HomeCompanyBalrampur Chini Mills Equity Research

Date of Research – 13 January 2016

Price – Rs. 79.95

About the Company

Incorporated in 1975, Balrampur Chini Mills Limited (“Balrampur Chini” or the “Company”) is one of the largest integrated sugar manufacturing companies in India. The Company is engaged in the manufacturing and marketing of Ethyl Alcohol & Ethanol, generation and selling of power and manufacturing and marketing of organic manure. Balrampur Chini operates through the network of 11 sugar factories located in Uttar Pradesh (India., having an aggregate crushing capacity of 79,000 tons per day. **For FY 2008, only standalone numbers are available.

**The Company has changed its financial year from FY 2009. Earlier its financial year was Oct-Sep and from FY 2011, it has changed it to April-March. Thus, figures for FY 2011 are of 18 months.

Key Financial Figures

Consolidated (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Total Income from Operations 3,274.84 2,664.94 2,986.98 2,756.67  3,641.00 
Expenses 2,855.06 2,446.89 2,860.54 2,337.42  2,771.97  
Earnings Before Other Income, Interest, Tax and Depreciation (Operating Profit) 419.78 218.05 126.44 419.25  869.03  
Depreciation 108.39 109.58 115.92 110.20  105.03  
Finance Costs 143.87 117.84 102.09 75.60  55.43  
Other income 42.28 26.83 15.19 44.59  25.07  
Exceptional Items 173.10 – 
PBT 209.80 17.46 (76.38) 104.94  733.64  
Tax 48.53 9.03 (18.43) 5.64  142.15  
PAT (before Minority Interest and share of Associates) 161.27 8.43 (57.95) 99.30  591.49  
Profit/ (loss) attributable to Minority Interest –  – 
Share of profit / (loss) of Associates (0.03) (0.03) –  (1.27) 
Consolidated Profit / (Loss) for the year 161.30 8.46 (57.95) 99.30  592.76  

Profitability Analysis

Consolidated (%)
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Operating Profit Margin Ratio 12.82 8.18 4.23 15.21  23.87 
Net Profit Margin Ratio 4.92 0.32 (1.94) 3.60  16.25 

Operating profit margin is a measurement of the proportion of a company’s revenue that is left over after paying for production costs such as raw materials, salaries and administrative costs. Net profit margin is arrived at by deducting non operating expenses such as depreciation, finance costs and taxes out of operating profit and shows what is left for the shareholders as a percentage of net sales. Together these ratios help in understanding the cost and profit structure of the firm and analysing business inefficiencies.

Key Balance Sheet Figures

Sources of Funds / Liabilities (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
Share Capital 24.43 24.43 24.48 24.49 24.50
Other components of equity
Reserves & Surplus 1,187.66 1,291.63 1,191.86 1,102.57 1,203.60
Net worth (shareholders funds) 1,212.09 1,316.06 1,216.34 1,127.07 1,228.10
Minority interest 2.50
Long term borrowings 497.74 229.48 494.18 432.87 509.60
Current liabilities 2,258.45 2,433.36 2,176.62 2,106.06 1,785.49
Other long term liabilities and provisions 13.89 13.75 7.38 8.75 8.23
Deferred Tax Liabilities 224.47 230.60 264.50 229.24 212.89
Total Liabilities 4,206.64 4,223.26 4,159.03 3,903.99 3,746.81

 

Application of Funds / Assets (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
Fixed Assets 1,615.06 1,528.27 1,524.56 1,384.31 1,426.53
Noncurrent Investments 42.16 42.20 40.75 40.74 40.72
Current assets 2,486.49 2,415.52 2,351.54 2,218.36 2,185.28
Long term advances and other noncurrent assets 62.93 237.27 242.18 260.58 94.28
Deferred Tax Assets
Total assets 4,206.64 4,223.26 4,159.03 3,903.99 3,746.81

Efficiency Analysis

  (%)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
ROCE 13.92 27.16 12.75 8.11 24.09
ROE / RONW 0.03 12.25 0.70 (5.14) 8.09

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) measures a company’s profitability from its overall operations by calculating the return generated on the total capital invested in the business (i.e. equity + debt). Return on Equity (ROE) or Return on Net Worth (RONW) measures the amount of profit which the company generates on money invested by the equity shareholders. In short, ROE draws attention to the return generated by the shareholders on their investment in the business. Together these ratios can be used in comparing the profitability of the company with other companies in the same industry.

Valuation Analysis

Consolidated
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Total Income from Operations (Rs. Cr.) 3,274.84 2,664.94 2,986.98 2,756.67  3,641.00 
Growth (%) 41.80 % (18.62 %) 12.08 % (7.71 %)  32.08 % 
PAT (Rs. Cr.) 161.27 8.43 (57.95) 99.30  591.49  
Growth (%) 40,217.50 % (94.77 %) (787.43 %) 271.35 %  495.66 % 
Earnings Per Share – Basic (Rs. ) 6.60 0.35 (2.37) 4.05  24.29 
Earning Per Share – Diluted (Rs. ) 6.60 0.35 (2.37) 4.05  24.28 
Price to Earnings 6.62 179.71 26.58  6.40 

Dividend History

The Company has not declared any dividends for the last 3 years.

Liquidity and Credit Analysis

Current Ratio

Higher current ratio implies healthier short term liquidity comfort level. A current ratio below 1 indicates that the company may not be able to meet its obligations in the short run. However, it is not always a matter of worry if this ratio temporarily falls below 1 as many times companies squeeze out short term cash sources to achieve a capital intensive plan with a longer term outlook. Balrampur Chini’s average current ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 1.06 times which indicates that the Company is comfortably placed to pay for its short term obligations.

Long term Debt to Equity Ratio

Companies operating with high long term debt to equity on their balance sheets are vulnerable to economic cycles. In times of slowdown in economy, companies with high levels of debt find it increasingly difficult to service the interest on their borrowings as profit margins decline. We believe that long term debt to equity ratio higher than 0.6 – 0.8 could affect the business of a company and its results of operations.

Balrampur Chini’s average long term debt to equity ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 0.33 times which indicates that the Company operates with very low level of debt and is placed well to withstand economic slowdowns.

Interest Coverage ratio

Interest coverage ratio indicates the comfort with which the company may be able to service the interest expense (i.e. finance charges) on its outstanding debt. Higher interest coverage ratio indicates that the company can easily meet the interest expense pertaining to its debt obligations. In our view, interest coverage ratio of below 1.5 should raise doubts about the company’s ability to meet the expenses on its borrowings. Interest coverage ratio below 1 indicates that the company is just not generating enough to service its debt obligations.

Balrampur Chini’s average interest coverage ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 2.29 times which indicates that the Company can meet its debt obligations without any difficulty.

Ownership pattern

In its latest stock exchange filing dated 31 March 2017, Balrampur Chini reported a promoter holding of 40.94 %. Large promoter holding indicates conviction and sincerity of the promoters. We believe that a greater than 35 % promoter holding offers safety to the retail investors.

At the same time, institutional holding in the Company stood at 31.57 % (FII+DII). Large institutional holding indicates the confidence of seasoned investors. At the same time, it can also lead to high volatility in the stock price as institutions buy and sell larger stakes than retail participants.

About the Author

Rajat Sharma pictureRajat Sharma is a well known stock market analyst and commentator. He has covered Indian markets for over a decade and is regarded for consistently identifying early stage investment opportunities. Attorney by qualification, Rajat has done extensive work for improving corporate governance and disclosure standards.

 

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