Welcome to Sana Securities! Login | Subscribe Now.

Century Textiles & Industries Equity Research

HomeCompanyCentury Textiles & Industries Equity Research

Date of Research – 13 January 2016

Price – Rs. 556.75

About the Company

Incorporated in 1897, Century Textiles & Industries Limited (“Century Textiles” or the “Company“) manufactures cotton textile products and has presence in the yarn, denim, caustic soda, sulphuric acid, salt, cement, and pulp and paper industries. The Company’s 100 % cotton yarn unit and its denim unit are both situated in Madhya Pradesh. The cotton yarn unit has a capacity of 24,960 spindles and the denim unit produces 21 million metres of denim fabric per year. The Company’s cement segment manufactures and markets cement and clinker products for use in water tanks, roads, bridges, dams, sea walls, turbine blocks, and residential or multi-storeyed buildings under the Birla Gold brand.

The Company has three cement plants at different locations, with a total cement manufacturing capacity of 7.8 million tonnes per annum. Century’s pulp and paper plant has a capacity of 31,320 tonnes per annum, writing and printing paper capacity of 1,97,800 tonnes per annum and a capacity of 36,000 tonnes per annum for tissue paper. The Company has set up a 500-tonnes per day multilayer packaging board plant adjacent to its existing pulp and paper plant at Lalkua, Uttarakhand.

Key Financial Figures

Standalone (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016  FY 2017
Total Income from Operations 5,949.47 6,665.92 7,559.27 7,987.58  8,653.53 
Expenses 5,371.68 5,948.76 6,879.17 7,259.38   7,752.60  
Earnings Before Other Income, Interest, Tax and Depreciation (Operating Profit) 577.79 717.16 680.10 728.20   900.93  
Depreciation 355.95 354.62 249.21 287.82   314.11  
Finance Costs 319.95 362.80 484.62 567.72   550.75  
Other income 26.90 28.26 20.04 46.86   75.63  
Exceptional items –  – 
PBT (71.21) 28.00 (33.69) (80.48)  111.70  
Tax (36.72) 25.28 (49.18) (25.96)  6.71  
PAT (before Minority Interest and share of Associates) (34.49) 2.72 15.49 (54.52)  104.99  

Profitability Analysis

Standalone (%)
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016  FY 2017
Operating Profit Margin Ratio 9.71 10.76 9.00 9.12   10.41 
Net Profit Margin Ratio (0.58) 0.04 0.20 (0.68)  1.21 

Operating profit margin is a measurement of the proportion of a company’s revenue that is left over after paying for production costs such as raw materials, salaries and administrative costs. Net profit margin is arrived at by deducting non operating expenses such as depreciation, finance costs and taxes out of operating profit and shows what is left for the shareholders as a percentage of net sales. Together these ratios help in understanding the cost and profit structure of the firm and analysing business inefficiencies.

Key Balance Sheet Figures

Sources of Funds / Liabilities (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
Share Capital 93.04 93.04 93.04 101.51 111.69
Reserves & Surplus 1,805.88 1,711.91 1,654.36 1,872.43 2,095.07
Net worth (shareholders funds) 1,898.92 1,804.95 1,747.40 2,064.26 2,206.76
Long term borrowings 1,977.10 3,148.15 2,810.42 3,567.27 3,296.15
Current liabilities 334.32 2,661.99 3,825.83 3,567.15 3,551.76
Other long term liabilities and provisions 2,819.03 402.41 641.12 674.28 682.64
Deferred Tax Liabilities 262.74 242.92 266.79 204.64 179.44
Total Liabilities 7,292.11 8,260.42 9,291.56 10,077.60 9,916.75

 

Application of Funds / Assets (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
Fixed Assets 5,221.12 5,943.63 6,608.32 6,649.30 6,079.62
Noncurrent Investments 69.28 73.78 93.62 495.04 1,091.39
Current assets 1,708.49 1,932.92 2,261.39 2,505.44 2,215.46
Long term advances and other noncurrent assets 293.22 310.09 328.23 427.82 530.28
Total assets 7,292.11 8,260.42 9,291.56 10,077.60 9,916.75

Efficiency Analysis

  (%)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
ROCE 25.29 11.67 15.73 12.08 13.23
ROE / RONW 25.86 (1.91) 0.16 0.75 (2.47)

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) measures a company’s profitability from its overall operations by calculating the return generated on the total capital invested in the business (i.e. equity + debt). Return on Equity (ROE) or Return on Net Worth (RONW) measures the amount of profit which the company generates on money invested by the equity shareholders. In short, ROE draws attention to the return generated by the shareholders on their investment in the business. Together these ratios can be used in comparing the profitability of the company with other companies in the same industry.

Valuation Analysis

Standalone
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Total Income from Operations (Rs. Cr.) 5,949.47 6,665.92 7,559.27 7,987.58  8,653.53
Growth (%) 22.10 % 12.04 % 13.40 % 5.67 %  8.34 % 
PAT (Rs. Cr.) (34.49) 2.72 15.49 (54.52)  104.99  
Growth (%) (255.85 %) 107.89 % 469.49 % (451.97 %)  292.57 %
Earnings Per Share – Basic (Rs. ) (3.71) 0.29 1.66 (5.21)  9.40 
Earning Per Share – Diluted (Rs. ) (3.71) 0.29 1.60 (5.21)  9.40 
Price to Earnings 1,369.14 390.63 –  109.04 

Dividend History

The Company has maintained an average dividend yield of 1.47 % over the last 5 financial years.

Liquidity and Credit Analysis

Current Ratio

Higher current ratio implies healthier short term liquidity comfort level. A current ratio below 1 indicates that the company may not be able to meet its obligations in the short run. However, it is not always a matter of worry if this ratio temporarily falls below 1 as many times companies squeeze out short term cash sources to achieve a capital intensive plan with a longer term outlook. Century Textile’s average current ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 2.57 times.

Long term Debt to Equity Ratio

Companies operating with high debt to equity on their balance sheets are vulnerable to economic cycles. In times of slowdown in economy, companies with high levels of debt find it increasingly difficult to service the interest on their borrowings as profit margins decline. We believe that long term debt to equity ratio higher than 0.6 – 0.8 could affect the business of a company and its results of operations.

Century Textile’s average long term debt to equity ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 1.35 which indicates that the Company operates with high level of debt and is not placed well to withstand economic slowdowns.

Interest Coverage ratio

Interest coverage ratio indicates the comfort with which the company may be able to service the interest expense (i.e. finance charges) on its outstanding debt. Higher interest coverage ratio indicates that the company can easily meet the interest expense pertaining to its debt obligations. In our view, interest coverage ratio of below 1.5 should raise doubts about the company’s ability to meet the expenses on its borrowings. Interest coverage ratio below 1 indicates that the company is just not generating enough to service its debt obligations.

Century Textile’s average interest coverage ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 2.69 times which indicates that the Company has been generating enough for the shareholders after servicing its debt obligations.

Ownership pattern

In its latest stock exchange filing dated 31 March 2017, Century Textile reported a promoter holding of 47.75 %. Large promoter holding indicates conviction and sincerity of the promoters. We believe that a greater than 35 % promoter holding offers safety to the retail investors.

At the same time, institutional holding in the Company stood at 23.11% (FII+DII). Large institutional holding indicates the confidence of seasoned investors. At the same time, it can also lead to high volatility in the stock price as institutions buy and sell larger stakes than retail participants.

About the Author

Rajat Sharma pictureRajat Sharma is a well known stock market analyst and commentator. He has covered Indian markets for over a decade and is regarded for consistently identifying early stage investment opportunities. Attorney by qualification, Rajat has done extensive work for improving corporate governance and disclosure standards.

 

Leave a Comment