Cipla Equity Research

Date of Research – 13 January 2016

Price – Rs. 608.00

About the Company

Cipla Limited (“Cipla” or the “Company“) has well diversified pharma product portfolio that includes Over the Counter (OTC) products, prescription products, flavors and fragrances, and pesticides.


[1] Export segment to be the growth driver Cipla exports to more than 180 countries, exports contributed 61% to the total turnover in FY2015, with Africa, US and Latin America constituting more than ~60% of total exports. In the U.S., Cipla has a strong product pipeline of 147 Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA)***, out of which, 79 are approved. *** ANDA is submitted to the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States for seeking approval of a generic drug product.

[2] Increasing penetration in the domestic market Cipla is one of the largest players in the domestic formulation market, with a market share of around 5.3%. Domestic formulations contributed 43% to the company’s total turnover in FY2015. The company is the market leader in key therapeutic areas such as respiratory care, anti-viral and urological.

[3] Launch of CFC-free inhalers Another potential long term growth driver for the company is the CFC-free inhalers in the regulated markets. CFC-free inhalers in Europe and U.S. address a potential market size of more than U.S. $3 billion.


[1] Intense Competition Competes with various pharmaceutical companies that have similar products in the same market but manufactured at facilities which have been approved by the highest regulatory authorities in the United States and Europe.

[2] Regulatory Environment Risk due to adverse developments in regulatory environment and statutory provisions. National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) controls and regulates the prices of pharmaceutical drugs in India. Price controls imposed by the authority are unpredictable and have a negative impact on company’s profitability margins.

Key Financial Figures

Consolidated(Rs. Cr)
ParticularsFY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016FY 2017
Total Income from Operations8,279.3310,100.3911,345.4413,678.27 14,630.24 
Expenses6,081.487,967.349,183.7411,177.21 12,154.45  
Earnings Before Other Income, Interest, Tax and Depreciation (Operating Profit)2,197.852,133.052,161.702,501.06 2,475.79  
Depreciation330.48372.64504.71541.65 1,322.93  
Finance Costs33.91145.74168.29161.34 159.38  
Other income222.14265.37165.55208.89 228.69  
Exceptional items(39.77)– – 
PBT2,095.371,880.041,654.252,006.96 1,222.17  
Tax544.31463.38400.03439.59 179.76  
PAT (before Minority Interest and share of Associates)1,551.061,416.661,254.221,567.37 1,042.41  
Profit/ (loss) attributable to Minority Interest15.9348.1549.43 29.03  
Share of profit / (loss) of Associates6.2112.3225.3012.02 6.99  
Consolidated Profit / (Loss) for the year1,544.851,388.411,180.771,505.92 1,006.39  

Profitability Analysis

ParticularsFY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016FY 2017
Operating Profit Margin Ratio26.5521.1219.0518.28 16.92 
Net Profit Margin Ratio18.7314.0311.0511.46 7.13 

Operating profit margin is a measurement of the proportion of a company’s revenue that is left over after paying for production costs such as raw materials, salaries and administrative costs. Net profit margin is arrived at by deducting non operating expenses such as depreciation, finance costs and taxes out of operating profit and shows what is left for the shareholders as a percentage of net sales. Together these ratios help in understanding the cost and profit structure of the firm and analysing business inefficiencies.

Key Balance Sheet Figures

Sources of Funds / Liabilities(Rs. Cr)
ParticularsFY 2012FY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016
Share Capital160.58160.58160.58160.59160.68
Reserves & Surplus7,478.358,858.109,889.7710,628.6511,696.74
Net worth (shareholders funds)7,638.939,018.6810,050.3510,801.4911,857.42
Minority Interest49.58180.48269.63
Long term borrowings2.200.55317.87309.28221.88
Current liabilities1,444.432,277.632,563.583,893.617,908.89
Other long term liabilities and provisions31.4580.37110.01200.93187.48
Deferred Tax Liabilities213.12280.54311.85331.74447.30
Total Liabilities9,350.2511,657.7713,403.2415,717.5320,892.60


Application of Funds / Assets(Rs. Cr)
ParticularsFY 2012FY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016
Fixed Assets3,586.963,987.766,938.317,410.5411,078.64
Noncurrent Investments328.29415.69397.14249.76176.36
Current assets5,068.566,891.415,651.377,591.448,842.18
Long term advances and other noncurrent assets366.44362.91413.54418.68714.51
Total assets9,350.2511,657.7713,403.2415,717.5320,892.60

Efficiency Analysis

ParticularsFY 2012FY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016
ROE / RONW14.9717.2013.8110.9313.22

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) measures a company’s profitability from its overall operations by calculating the return generated on the total capital invested in the business (i.e. equity + debt). Return on Equity (ROE) or Return on Net Worth (RONW) measures the amount of profit which the company generates on money invested by the equity shareholders. In short, ROE draws attention to the return generated by the shareholders on their investment in the business. Together these ratios can be used in comparing the profitability of the company with other companies in the same industry.

Valuation Analysis

ParticularsFY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016FY 2017
Total Income from Operations (Rs. Cr.)8,279.3310,100.3911,345.4413,678.27 14,630.24
Growth (%)17.93 %22.00 %12.33 %20.56 % 6.96 % 
PAT (Rs. Cr.)1,551.061,416.661,254.221,567.37 1,042.41  
Growth (%)23.89 %(8.67 %)(11.47 %)24.97 % (33.49 %) 
Earnings Per Share – Basic (Rs. )19.2417.2914.7118.76 12.52
Earning Per Share – Diluted (Rs. )19.2417.2714.6618.69 12.50
Price to Earnings19.7422.3544.3727.41 42.96

Dividend History

The Company has maintained an average dividend yield of 0.50 % over the last 5 financial years.

Liquidity and Credit Analysis

Current Ratio

Higher current ratio implies healthier short term liquidity comfort level. A current ratio below 1 indicates that the company may not be able to meet its obligations in the short run. However, it is not always a matter of worry if this ratio temporarily falls below 1 as many times companies squeeze out short term cash sources to achieve a capital intensive plan with a longer term outlook. Cipla’s average current ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 2.66 times which indicates that the Company is comfortably placed to pay for its short term obligations.

Long term Debt to Equity Ratio

Companies operating with high long term debt to equity on their balance sheets are vulnerable to economic cycles. In times of slowdown in economy, companies with high levels of debt find it increasingly difficult to service the interest on their borrowings as profit margins decline. We believe that long term debt to equity ratio higher than 0.6 – 0.8 could affect the business of a company and its results of operations.

Cipla’s average long term debt to equity ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 0.01 times which indicates that the Company operates with a very low level of debt.

Interest Coverage ratio

Interest coverage ratio indicates the comfort with which the company may be able to service the interest expense (i.e. finance charges) on its outstanding debt. Higher interest coverage ratio indicates that the company can easily meet the interest expense pertaining to its debt obligations. In our view, interest coverage ratio of below 1.5 should raise doubts about the company’s ability to meet the expenses on its borrowings. Interest coverage ratio below 1 indicates that the company is just not generating enough to service its debt obligations.

Cipla’s average interest coverage ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 42.68 times which indicates that the Company has been meeting its debt obligations without any difficulty.

Ownership pattern

In its latest stock exchange filing dated 31 March 2017, Cipla Limited reported a promoter holding of 37.48 %. Large promoter holding indicates conviction and sincerity of the promoters. We believe that a greater than 35 % promoter holding offers safety to the retail investors.

At the same time, institutional holding in the Company stood at 34.24 % (FII+DII). Large institutional holding indicates the confidence of seasoned investors. At the same time, it can also lead to high volatility in the stock price as institutions buy and sell larger stakes than retail participants.

About the Author

Rajat Sharma pictureRajat Sharma is a well known stock market analyst and commentator. He has covered Indian markets for over a decade and is regarded for consistently identifying early stage investment opportunities. Attorney by qualification, Rajat has done extensive work for improving corporate governance and disclosure standards.