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Dabur India Equity Research

HomeCompanyDabur India Equity Research

Date of Research – 14 January 2016

Price – Rs. 258.30

About the Company

Dabur India Limited (“Dabur” or the “Company”) operates in FMCG consumer products categories like hair care, oral care, health care, skin care, home care & foods. Dabur’s portfolio includes five flagship brands with distinct brand identities – Dabur for natural healthcare products, Vatika for premium personal care, Hajmola for digestives, Real for fruit juices and beverages and Fem for fairness bleaches and skin care products. The Company has a wide distribution network, covering over 2.8 million retail outlets with a high penetration in both urban and rural markets.

Dabur’s products also have a huge presence in the overseas markets and are available in over 60 countries across the globe including Middle East, SAARC countries, Africa, US, Europe and Russia. Dabur’s overseas revenue today accounts for over 30 % of its total turnover.

Key Financial Figures

Consolidated (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Total Income from Operations 6,176.12 7,094.43 7,827.20 8,454.02  7,701.44 
Expenses 5,146.32 5,938.00 6,510.79 6,934.24   6,192.50
Earnings Before Other Income, Interest, Tax and Depreciation (Operating Profit) 1,029.80 1,156.43 1,316.41 1,519.78   1,508.94
Depreciation 112.40 97.49 114.98 133.75   142.86
Finance Costs 58.90 54.15 40.12 48.02   54.03
Other income 94.50 131.46 158.05 219.23   298.35
Exceptional items 4.66 –  – 
PBT 948.34 1,136.25 1,319.36 1,557.24   1,610.40  
Tax 182.63 219.08 250.89 301.79   330.34  
Extraordinary items (0.08) 0.72 –  – 
PAT (before Minority Interest and share of Associates) 765.79 916.45 1,068.47 1,255.45   1,280.06  
Profit/ (loss) attributable to Minority Interest 2.37 2.53 2.64 2.74   3.37  
Share of profit / (loss) of Associates –  (0.25) 
Consolidated Profit / (Loss) for the year 763.42 913.92 1,065.83 1,252.71   1,276.94  

Profitability Analysis

Consolidated (%)
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Operating Profit Margin Ratio 16.67 16.30 16.82 17.98   19.59 
Net Profit Margin Ratio 12.40 12.92 13.65 14.85   16.62 

Operating profit margin is a measurement of the proportion of a company’s revenue that is left over after paying for production costs such as raw materials, salaries and administrative costs. Net profit margin is arrived at by deducting non operating expenses such as depreciation, finance costs and taxes out of operating profit and shows what is left for the shareholders as a percentage of net sales. Together these ratios help in understanding the cost and profit structure of the firm and analysing business inefficiencies. 

Key Balance Sheet Figures

Sources of Funds / Liabilities (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
Share Capital 174.21 174.29 174.38 175.65 175.91
Reserves & Surplus 1,542.70 1,950.09 2,481.58 3,178.49 3,984.16
Net worth (shareholders funds) 1,716.91 2,124.38 2,655.96 3,354.14 4,160.07
Minority Interest 3.30 12.06 15.91 18.16 21.68
Long term borrowings 727.18 539.93 260.40 210.57 341.45
Current liabilities 1,489.95 1,974.52 2,293.79 2,418.49 2,469.86
Other long term liabilities and provisions 657.57 49.31 40.89 46.21 50.88
Deferred Tax Liabilities 27.40 36.21 44.83 58.71 76.54
Total Liabilities 4,622.31 4,736.41 5,311.78 6,106.28 7,120.48

 

Application of Funds / Assets (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
Fixed Assets 1,667.99 1,674.45 1,788.61 1,927.43 1,994.68
Noncurrent Investments 89.28 130.47 424.69 1,407.40 1,787.31
Current Asset 2,360.47 2,603.04 3,055.87 2,730.57 3,290.81
Long term advances and other noncurrent assets 504.57 328.45 42.61 40.88 47.68
Total Asset 4,622.31 4,736.41 5,311.78 6,106.28 7,120.48

Efficiency Analysis

  (%)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
ROCE 36.37 38.48 39.44 36.74 33.60
ROE 37.56 35.94 34.41 31.78 30.18

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) measures a company’s profitability from its overall operations by calculating the return generated on the total capital invested in the business (i.e. equity + debt). Return on Equity (ROE) or Return on Net Worth (RONW) measures the amount of profit which the company generates on money invested by the equity shareholders. In short, ROE draws attention to the return generated by the shareholders on their investment in the business. Together these ratios can be used in comparing the profitability of the company with other companies in the same industry. 

Valuation Analysis

Consolidated
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Total Income from Operations (Rs. Cr.) 6,176.12 7,094.43 7,827.20 8,454.02  7,701.44 
Growth (%) 29.07% 14.87% 10.33% 8.01 %  (8.90 %) 
PAT (Rs. Cr.) 765.79 916.45 1,068.47 1,255.45   1,280.06  
Growth (%) 18.89% 19.67% 16.59% 17.50 %  1.96 % 
Earning Per Share – Basic (Rs. ) 4.38 5.25 6.08 7.13  7.25 
Earning Per Share – Diluted (Rs. ) 4.35 5.21 6.03 7.08  7.21 
Price to Earnings 31.51 34.11 43.59 35.19  38.07 

Dividend History

The Company has maintained an average dividend yield of 1.05 % over the last 5 financial years.

Liquidity and Credit Analysis

Current Ratio

Higher current ratio implies healthier short term liquidity comfort level. A current ratio below 1 indicates that the company may not be able to meet its obligations in the short run. However, it is not always a matter of worry if this ratio temporarily falls below 1 as many times companies squeeze out short term cash sources to achieve a capital intensive plan with a longer term outlook.

Dabur’s average current ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 1.39 times which indicates that the Company is comfortably placed to pay for its short term obligations.

Long term Debt to Equity Ratio

Companies operating with high long term debt to equity on their balance sheets are vulnerable to economic cycles. In times of slowdown in economy, companies with high levels of debt find it increasingly difficult to service the interest on their borrowings as profit margins decline. We believe that long term debt to equity ratio higher than 0.6 – 0.8 could affect the business of a company and its results of operations.

Dabur’s average long term debt to equity ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 0.27 times which indicates that the Company operates with low level of debt and is placed well to withstand economic slowdowns.

Interest Coverage ratio

Interest coverage ratio indicates the comfort with which the company may be able to service the interest expense (i.e. finance charges) on its outstanding debt. Higher interest coverage ratio indicates that the company can easily meet the interest expense pertaining to its debt obligations. In our view, interest coverage ratio of below 1.5 should raise doubts about the company’s ability to meet the expenses on its borrowings. Interest coverage ratio below 1 indicates that the company is just not generating enough to service its debt obligations.

Dabur’s average interest coverage ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 22.70 times which indicates that the Company can meet its debt obligations without any difficulty.

Ownership pattern

In its latest stock exchange filing dated 31 March 2017, Dabur reported a promoter holding of 68.04 %. Large promoter holding indicates conviction and sincerity of the promoters. We believe that a greater than 35 % promoter holding offers safety to the retail investors.

At the same time, institutional holding in the Company stood at 25.38 % (FII+DII). Large institutional holding indicates the confidence of seasoned investors. At the same time, it can also lead to high volatility in the stock price as institutions buy and sell larger stakes than retail participants.

About the Author

Rajat Sharma pictureRajat Sharma is a well known stock market analyst and commentator. He has covered Indian markets for over a decade and is regarded for consistently identifying early stage investment opportunities. Attorney by qualification, Rajat has done extensive work for improving corporate governance and disclosure standards.

 

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