Radico Khaitan Equity Research

Date of Research – 20 January 2016

Price – Rs. 107.00

About the Company

Establishes in 1943, Radico Khaitan Limited (“Radico Khaitan” or the “Company”) was formerly known as Rampur Distillery. The Company is one of India’s oldest and largest liquor manufacturers. Radico Khaitan today has four millionaire brands in its portfolio namely 8 PM Whisky, Magic Moments Vodka, Contessa Rum and Old Admiral Brandy.

The Company has a strong export base in more than 30 countries. Radico Khaitan is focused on enhancing its base in newer geographies such as the US, UK and Canada with more premium products.

The Company remains focused on its strategy of premiumizatiom, which is evident from its recent brand launches in the premium and super premium categories. With the success of Magic Moments premium vodka, Radico launched 6 more flavors of Magic Moments across the country.

Radico Khaitan has a significant distillation capacity of 150 million litres. The Company has a capacity to store 3 months’ equivalent of its molasses requirements. The Company operates through 41,000 retail and 5,000 on-premise outlets and has 33 bottling units spread across the country of which 5 belong to the Company and 28 are contract bottling units.

Key Financial Figures

Standalone(Rs. Cr)
ParticularsFY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016FY 2017
Total Income from Operations1,258.391,451.701,488.391,543.10 4,867.96 
Expenses1,074.161,258.211,317.991,348.48 4,655.83  
Earnings Before Other Income, Interest, Tax and Depreciation (Operating Profit)184.23193.49170.40194.61 212.12  
Depreciation35.3138.7538.3240.34 41.70  
Finance Costs70.0684.8189.9584.71 80.38  
Other income30.4236.4844.9938.14 19.65
Exceptional items– – 
PBT109.28106.4187.13107.70 109.68  
Tax32.0035.1519.4930.81 29.07
PAT (before Minority Interest and share of Associates)77.2871.2667.6476.89 80.61  

Profitability Analysis

ParticularsFY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016FY 2017
Operating Profit Margin Ratio14.6413.3311.4512.61 4.36 
Net Profit Margin Ratio6.144.914.544.98 1.66 

Operating profit margin is a measurement of the proportion of a company’s revenue that is left over after paying for production costs such as raw materials, salaries and administrative costs. Net profit margin is arrived at by deducting non operating expenses such as depreciation, finance costs and taxes out of operating profit and shows what is left for the shareholders as a percentage of net sales. Together these ratios help in understanding the cost and profit structure of the firm and analysing business inefficiencies.

Key Balance Sheet Figures

Sources of Funds / Liabilities(Rs. Cr)
ParticularsFY 2012FY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016 
Share Capital26.5426.5826.6126.6126.61 
Share application money pending allotment0.02– 
Reserves & Surplus641.87701.61754.46802.68877.86 
Employee stock options grants– 
Net worth (shareholders funds)668.43728.19781.07829.28904.47 
Long term borrowings338.35413.98423.58326.02197.58 
Current liabilities563.33597.67735.09854.27960.78 
Other long term liabilities and provisions5.854.386.446.598.31 
Deferred Tax Liabilities56.3358.8369.5371.5274.35 
Total Liabilities1,632.291,803.052,015.712,087.692,145.50 


Application of Funds / Assets(Rs. Cr)
ParticularsFY 2012FY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016 
Fixed Assets507.06534.76578.62573.55578.98 
Noncurrent Investments58.3858.3758.3748.0648.06 
Current assets980.731,119.451,240.181,319.991,292.28 
Long term advances and other noncurrent assets86.1290.47138.54146.09226.17 
Total assets1,632.291,803.052,015.712,087.692,145.50 

Efficiency Analysis

ParticularsFY 2012FY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016 
ROE / RONW9.5210.619.128.168.50 

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) measures a company’s profitability from its overall operations by calculating the return generated on the total capital invested in the business (i.e. equity + debt). Return on Equity (ROE) or Return on Net Worth (RONW) measures the amount of profit which the company generates on money invested by the equity shareholders. In short, ROE draws attention to the return generated by the shareholders on their investment in the business. Together these ratios can be used in comparing the profitability of the company with other companies in the same industry.

Valuation Analysis

ParticularsFY 2013FY 2014FY 2015FY 2016FY 2017
Total Income from Operations (Rs. Cr.)1,258.391,451.701,488.391,543.10 4,867.96 
Growth (%)10.01 %15.36 %2.53 %3.68 % 215.47 % 
PAT (Rs. Cr.)77.2871.2667.6476.89 80.61  
Growth (%)21.39 %(7.79 %)(5.09 %)13.67 % 4.84 % 
Earnings Per Share – Basic (Rs. )5.825.365.085.78 6.06 
Earning Per Share – Diluted (Rs. )5.815.355.085.75 6.05
Price to Earnings22.3417.7318.4016.63 20.19

Dividend History

The Company has maintained an average dividend yield of 0.76 % over the last 5 financial years.

Liquidity and Credit Analysis

Current Ratio

Higher current ratio implies healthier short term liquidity comfort level. A current ratio below 1 indicates that the company may not be able to meet its obligations in the short run. However, it is not always a matter of worry if this ratio temporarily falls below 1 as many times companies squeeze out short term cash sources to achieve a capital intensive plan with a longer term outlook. Radico’s average current ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 1.62 times which indicates that the Company is comfortably placed to pay for its short term obligations.

Long Term Debt to Equity Ratio

Companies operating with high long term debt to equity on their balance sheets are vulnerable to economic cycles. In times of slowdown in economy, companies with high levels of debt find it increasingly difficult to service the interest on their borrowings as profit margins decline. We believe that long term debt to equity ratio higher than 0.6 – 0.8 could affect the business of a company and its results of operations.

Radico’s average long term debt to equity ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 0.42 times which indicates that the Company operates with low level of debt and is placed well to withstand economic slowdowns.

Interest Coverage ratio

Interest coverage ratio indicates the comfort with which the company may be able to service the interest expense (i.e. finance charges) on its outstanding debt. Higher interest coverage ratio indicates that the company can easily meet the interest expense pertaining to its debt obligations. In our view, interest coverage ratio of below 1.5 should raise doubts about the company’s ability to meet the expenses on its borrowings. Interest coverage ratio below 1 indicates that the company is just not generating enough to service its debt obligations.

Radico’s average interest coverage ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 2.81 times which indicates that the Company can meet its debt obligations without any difficulty.

Ownership pattern

In its latest stock exchange filing dated 31 March 2017, Radico Khaitan reported a promoter holding of 40.46 %. Large promoter holding indicates conviction and sincerity of the promoters. We believe that a greater than 35 % promoter holding offers safety to the retail investors.

At the same time, institutional holding in the Company stood at 34.45 % (FII+DII). Large institutional holding indicates the confidence of seasoned investors. At the same time, it can also lead to high volatility in the stock price as institutions buy and sell larger stakes than retail participants.

About the Author

Rajat Sharma pictureRajat Sharma is a well known stock market analyst and commentator. He has covered Indian markets for over a decade and is regarded for consistently identifying early stage investment opportunities. Attorney by qualification, Rajat has done extensive work for improving corporate governance and disclosure standards.