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Unity Infraprojects Equity Research

HomeCompanyUnity Infraprojects Equity Research

Date of Research – 21 January 2016

Price – Rs. 12.25


About the Company

Incorporated in 1979, Unity Infraprojects Ltd (“Unity Infra” or the “Company”) is one of the leading engineering and construction companies in India with a significant experience of more than 30 years and a strong track record. The Company is the flagship unit of the Mumbai based KK Group of Companies. The Company is mainly engaged in construction and allied activities, It operates in four verticals: buildings and housing; transportation; water supply and irrigation. The building includes commercial and residential buildings, mass housing projects and townships, industrial structures, airports, infotech parks, hotels and hospitals, educational institutes, stadiums and railway stations. The Water includes dams, tunnels, lift irrigation, water supply, sewerage and micro-tunnelling. The transport includes roads, bridges, flyovers, subways and tunnels.

The Company has grown from an Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) contractor to a fully fledged infrastructure company, specializing in civil construction and infrastructure segments namely transportation and irrigation & water supply. Few of the landmark projects completed of Unity Infra Projects Ltd are:

• Expansion & Modification of Terminal IB at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai

• Port connectivity Project for the NHAI at JN Port, Mumbai

• Strengthening of the Tansa Dam

• Tunnel for the North Froentier Railway in Tripura

Key Financial Figures

Consolidated (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Total Income from Operations 2,411.81 2,302.03 1,056.51 325.73  247.33 
Expenses 2,081.97 2,024.72 1,087.75 578.81  1,028.47  
Earnings Before Other Income, Interest, Tax and Depreciation (Operating Profit) 329.84 277.31 (31.23) (253.08)  (781.15)
Depreciation 29.14 26.43 32.65 24.04  13.90
Finance Costs 194.61 264.36 291.74 305.01  325.25  
Other income 20.81 16.03 21.52 4.07  11.80  
Exceptional Items       73.07 48.91  
PBT 126.91 2.56 (334.11) (651.13)  (1,157.40) 
Tax 33.40 (1.42) 7.42 (0.01)  (9.38) 
PAT (before Minority Interest and share of Associates) 93.51 3.97 (341.52) (651.12)  (1,148.02) 

Profitability Analysis

Consolidated (%)
Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Operating Profit Margin Ratio 13.68 12.05 (2.96) (77.70)  (315.84) 
Net Profit Margin Ratio 3.88 0.17 (32.33) (199.89)  (464.18)

Operating profit margin is a measurement of the proportion of a company’s revenue that is left over after paying for production costs such as raw materials, salaries and administrative costs. Net profit margin is arrived at by deducting non operating expenses such as depreciation, finance costs and taxes out of operating profit and shows what is left for the shareholders as a percentage of net sales. Together these ratios help in understanding the cost and profit structure of the firm and analysing business inefficiencies.

Key Balance Sheet Figures

Sources of Funds / Liabilities (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
Share Capital 14.82 14.82 14.82 14.82 24.18 
Reserves & Surplus 735.44 836.99 833.53 488.86 (35.51) 
Net worth (shareholders funds) 750.25 851.81 848.34 576.39 (11.34) 
Minority Interest 0.0038 0.0038 0.0013 0.0003 0.0001 
Long term borrowings 200.56 215.08 633.33 2,563.32 2,311.20 
Current liabilities 1,500.70 1,980.74 2,504.99 1,035.78 1,606.69 
Other long term liabilities and provisions 77.58 19.17 8.04 10.57 9.20 
Deferred Tax Liabilities 0.69 0.69 
Total Liabilities 2,529.09 3,066.80 3,994.70 4,186.75 3,916.45 


Application of Funds / Assets (Rs. Cr)
Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
Fixed Assets 211.12 548.88 677.65 712.14 727.00 
Noncurrent Investments 43.30 19.41 24.05 18.66 5.46 
Current assets 1,891.04 2,248.04 2,490.84 2,608.78 2,087.72 
Long term advances and other noncurrent assets 381.99 250.46 796.78 847.16 1,096.27 
Deferred Tax Assets 1.64 0.01 5.37 – 
Total assets 2,529.09 3,066.80 3,994.70 4,186.75 3,916.45 

Efficiency Analysis

Particulars FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016
ROCE 33.27 30.92 18.72 (0.99) (11.00) 
ROE / RONW 11.46 10.98 0.47 (59.25) – 

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) measures a company’s profitability from its overall operations by calculating the return generated on the total capital invested in the business (i.e. equity + debt). Return on Equity (ROE) or Return on Net worth (RONW) measures the amount of profit which the company generates on money invested by the equity shareholders. In short, ROE draws attention to the return generated by the shareholders on their investment in the business. Together these ratios can be used in comparing the profitability of the company with other companies in the same industry.

Valuation Analysis

Particulars FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Total Income from Operations (Rs. Cr.) 2,411.81 2,302.03 1,056.51 325.73  247.33 
Growth (%) 16.68 % (4.55 %) (54.11 %) (32.55 %)  (24.07 %) 
PAT (Rs. Cr.) 93.51 3.97 (341.52) (651.12)  (1,148.02) 
Growth (%) (9.96 %) (95.75 %) (8,702.54 %) –  – 
Earnings Per Share – Basic (Rs. ) 12.60 (15.08)  (94.95) 
Earning Per Share – Diluted (Rs. ) 12.60 (15.08)  (94.95) 
Price to Earnings 2.12 –  – 

Dividend History

The Company has not declared dividends over the last 3 financial years.

Liquidity and Credit Analysis

Current Ratio

Higher current ratio implies healthier short term liquidity comfort level. A current ratio below 1 indicates that the company may not be able to meet its obligations in the short run. However, it is not always a matter of worry if this ratio temporarily falls below 1 as many times companies squeeze out short term cash sources to achieve a capital intensive plan with a longer term outlook. Unity’s average current ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 1.44 times which indicates that the Company has been maintaining sufficient cash to meet its short term obligations.

Long Term Debt to Equity Ratio

Companies operating with high debt to equity on their balance sheets are vulnerable to economic cycles. In times of slowdown in economy, companies with high levels of debt find it increasingly difficult to service the interest on their borrowings as profit margins decline. We believe that long term debt to equity ratio higher than 0.6 – 0.8 could affect the business of a company and its results of operations.

Unity’s average long term debt to equity ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 1.22 which indicates that the Company is operating with a high level of debt.

Interest Coverage ratio

Interest coverage ratio indicates the comfort with which the company may be able to service the interest expense (i.e. finance charges) on its outstanding debt. Higher interest coverage ratio indicates that the company can easily meet the interest expense pertaining to its debt obligations. In our view, interest coverage ratio of below 1.5 should raise doubts about the company’s ability to meet the expenses on its borrowings. Interest coverage ratio below 1 indicates that the company is just not generating enough to service its debt obligations.

Unity’s average interest coverage ratio over the last 5 financial years has been 1.44 times which indicates that the Company has been generating enough for the shareholders after servicing its debt obligations.

Ownership pattern

In its latest stock exchange filing dated 31 March 2017 Unity Infra reported a promoter holding of 60.30 %. Large promoter holding indicates conviction and sincerity of the promoters. We believe that a greater than 35 % promoter holding offers safety to the retail investors.

At the same time, institutional holding in the Company stood at 14.02 % (FII+DII).Large institutional holding indicates the confidence of seasoned investors. At the same time, it can also lead to high volatility in the stock price as institutions buy and sell larger stakes than retail participants.

About the Author

Rajat Sharma pictureRajat Sharma is a well known stock market analyst and commentator. He has covered Indian markets for over a decade and is regarded for consistently identifying early stage investment opportunities. Attorney by qualification, Rajat has done extensive work for improving corporate governance and disclosure standards.


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